Elements of Art: Value | KQED Arts


[ MID-TEMPO DRUM BEAT PLAYS ] [ MID-TEMPO MUSIC PLAYS ] Narrator: THE WORD “PHOTOGRAPH”
COMES FROM TWO GREEK WORDS THAT TRANSLATE
TO “LIGHT DRAWING.” SOME PEOPLE DESCRIBE
PHOTOGRAPHY, THEN, AS DRAWING WITH LIGHT. LIGHT DEFINES OBJECTS AND LITERALLY ENABLES US
TO SEE THINGS. ARTISTS CREATE
THE ILLUSION OF LIGHT BY BEING ABLE TO PRODUCE A WIDE
RANGE OF TONAL AND COLOR VALUES. VALUE IS ONE OF THE SEVEN ELEMENTS OF ART, ALONG WITH LINE, SHAPE, FORM, TEXTURE, COLOR, AND SPACE. VALUE IS HOW LIGHT OR DARK
A GIVEN COLOR OR HUE IS. VALUES CAN BE BETTER UNDERSTOOD
WHEN THEY ARE VISUALIZED AS A SCALE OR A GRADIENT. HERE’S THE VALUE SCALE
FOR THIS GRAY TONE. IT RANGES FROM PURE WHITE
TO ABSOLUTE BLACK WITH A NUMBER OF GRAY TONES
IN BETWEEN. ANY HUE OR TONE HAS A SIMILAR
SCALE FROM DARK TO LIGHT. DIFFERENT VALUES ARE CREATED
BY LIGHTENING THE HUE. IN THIS CASE,
ADDING WHITE TO IT, OR BY DARKENING IT WITH BLACK. WHEN AN ARTWORK HAS MANY TONES
IN BETWEEN BLACK AND WHITE, IT IS CONSIDERED LOW CONTRAST. FOR INSTANCE, IN THIS PHOTOGRAPH
BY NICHOLAS NIXON, NOTICE HOW MANY DIFFERENT SHADES
OF GRAY THERE ARE. A HIGH-CONTRAST IMAGE,
ON THE OTHER HAND, WOULD HAVE VERY FEW TONAL VALUES
BETWEEN BLACK AND WHITE, LIKE THIS PHOTOGRAPH
BY KENNETH JOSEPHSON. THE TEXTURE
OF AN OBJECT’S SURFACE CAN PLAY A ROLE
IN HOW WE SEE VALUE. IN THIS PHOTOGRAPH
BY BRETT WESTON, NOTICE HOW THE VEINS
IN THE LEAVES OF LETTUCE CREATE AREAS
OF DRAMATIC CONTRAST BETWEEN LIGHT AND DARK. COMPARE THAT WITH
THIS PHOTOGRAPH OF BANANAS, ALSO BY WESTON. THE SKIN OF THE BANANAS
DULLS THE LIGHT, WHICH GIVES THE PHOTOGRAPH
MUCH LESS CONTRAST. THE DIFFERENT WAYS
ARTISTS CREATE LINES AND IMPLIED TEXTURES CAN ALSO
AFFECT HOW WE PERCEIVE VALUE. NOTICE HOW HEAVY AND DARK
THE BLACKS ARE IN THIS CHARCOAL DRAWING. ALSO NOTICE HOW CERTAIN AREAS SMOOTHLY TRANSITION
FROM DARK TO LIGHT. THIS WATERCOLOR PAINTING’S
BLACKS AREN’T NEARLY AS DARK. NOTICE, TOO, HOW THE SHADING
ISN’T AS SMOOTHLY BLENDED. THE NEXT TIME YOU ARE LOOKING
AT A PHOTOGRAPH, PAINTING, OR DRAWING, TRY TO NOTICE HOW THE ARTIST
IS RENDERING VALUE. AND WHEN YOU’RE CREATING
YOUR OWN ARTWORK, PRACTICE CREATING VALUE SCALES WITH A VARIETY OF DIFFERENT
MEDIUMS AND HUES SO YOUR ARTWORK SHINES
IN ITS OWN UNIQUE WAY.

31 comments

  • Anna Friedland

    This is great, except "Cabbage Leaf" is by Edward Weston. http://www.sfmoma.org/explore/collection/artwork/14708

    Reply
  • A Thomas

    What song is that? My students and I really like it as well as this lesson

    Reply
  • A Thomas

    Never mind just realized it was at the end.

    Reply
  • colorpaper princess

    maybe you can make a video about your materials? love your art so much! colorpaper princess

    Reply
  • Charity Recla

    This series of videos is FANTASTIC! I have always given my High School and Middle School students the Crystal videos on the Elements and Principles and frankly they are boring and the kids cannot relate. The artwork used in these videos is modern, fun, and interesting to the students. There was a lot of "whoa's" and "how cool!" comments from my Middle Schoolers today. PLEASE make a series on the Principles of Design that match this set of videos!

    Reply
  • Karissa Lawson

    Your Element of Art series is awesome! My middle school students love the artwork and love the music! Thank you for putting these out. I show them at the beginning of each semester

    Reply
  • Sarah Boster

    PLEASE make Principles of Design videos too! My middle school students love these, they are fresh and interesting and include a wide variety of artworks, many of which they can relate to. LOVE these!

    Reply
  • Hyogail

    your opening sequence ought to come with an epilepsy warning :T

    Reply
  • Divine Diamonds

    what is the name of the song

    Reply
  • H3L RZR

    sick beats

    Reply
  • Odile Mwaro

    Thank you this was really helpful!

    Reply
  • UnorthodoxThing

    I wish there were more notes to take, it feels like just the surface (>_<)/

    Reply
  • Cole Abraham

    such content

    Reply
  • Soraya Brooks

    I love your elements of art series. Short, sweet, and very well done. Thank you! I use them in my classroom.

    Reply
  • Britt Martin

    song?

    Reply
  • Big11k Idk

    My art teacher is making me hate art

    Reply
  • Jane Mccabe

    This fits so well for our intro to digital photography class.

    Reply
  • Dana Majana

    awesome video

    Reply
  • Demitria Etchegaray

    This video was very effective! My students were able to learn about value in drawing.

    Reply
  • Tony Choza

    Wonderful

    Reply
  • NNightmare03

    I just realized this person sounds like Cleanprincegaming lol

    Reply
  • aquarius

    video starts at 0:44

    Reply
  • Caleb Cruz

    LOL

    Reply
  • Glitch Master

    My teacher made us litsen to this and on Friday we’re gonna have a test. I hate life

    Reply
  • Jameson Alden

    More like belongs in the trash hAhAhH

    Reply
  • allen liu

    fuck this shit

    Reply
  • Benjamin Janvrin

    Art school is cunt

    Reply
  • Alvaro Hernandez

    i used to like art

    Reply
  • Alvaro Hernandez

    now i just hate it

    Reply
  • Leopold Von-Daniels

    trash

    Reply
  • iCan Mind Official

    @KQED Art School… you have great art lessons. well explained

    Reply

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