Enhancing the Likeness – Rough Sketch Caricature

In the last video, I showed my process for
creating quick thumbnail sketches to explore shapes and find which exaggeration works best. In this video, I’ll be showing the next
step: the rough sketch. The Rough Sketch: Thumbnail concept sketching was more about
exaggeration and experimentation. But the rough sketch is all about the likeness. Although, you can use this stage to push the
exaggeration further, if you can get away with it. A rough sketch should be more structured and
resolved than your thumbnails, but even at this stage, we won’t worry about making
everything perfect because we’ll fix any drawing problems that come up, in the next
step. For this lesson on the rough sketch, we’ll
just focus on refining the likeness. The Process: The rough sketch is based off of the most
successful thumbnail sketch. So, with my photo reference and my best thumbnail
within view, I begin a new drawing, starting with the overall shape of the head. I’m trying to capture what made the thumbnail
successful. What I really liked about my favorite thumbnail
sketch was the light bulb shape of the head, where it’s wide on top and narrow on the
bottom. So I keep those proportions almost exactly
the same in this rough sketch. When working on your own, you may see an opportunity
at this stage to push the exaggeration further. And that’s totally fine. Try to make improvements each time you re-sketch
a face. Here, I’m outlining the shape of the muzzle
of the face. which helps me figure out where the eyes and
top of the nose will go. You should slow down when doing your rough
sketch and think more consciously about fitting everything together. A thumbnail sketch needs to be done quickly,
because it’s a product of your unconscious reaction to your subject’s likeness and
personality. But a rough sketch needs more love and more
careful observation of the reference photo. After I block in the rough shape of the head,
I’m referring more to the photo to make my decisions, and less from the thumbnail. So just think of your thumbnail as a jumping-off
point. Don’t feel you need to reproduce it exactly. Just take from it what works and try to expand
on it. My first few pencil strokes were light and
loose. But now I’m starting to make more firm decisions
about the shapes. At this point, I’m feeling pretty good about
where it’s heading. If I wasn’t feeling good about it, I would
probably still be darkening my lines to see how it turns out. And if I ended up missing the likeness on
this one, I would just start again, because I haven’t invested too much time on this
one. Originally, this whole sketch took me about
20 minutes. But it’s been sped up to just under five
minutes here. Right now, the placement and shapes of the
features are all blocked in. I’ve been moving around the whole face,
not spending too much time rendering an area until I’ve got the big picture figured out. But now, I’m at the point, where I can start
committing to my decisions, and I start shading using quick hatch strokes with my pencil. This helps to flesh out the flat shapes and
give them volume. In Putin’s head, it was important to show
a small face on a very large bulbous head. So there is a lot of empty space that I need
to fill with plan changes to indicate the three-dimensional forms. I’m relying both on observation from the
photo, and my knowledge of the human skull. It’s tempting to start drawing details,
since the likeness seems to be pretty strong now. But I remind myself that this is still a rough
sketch. So I draw only enough to resolve the likeness. In order to make this caricature as good as
possible, I will be doing an extra step after this, to fix minor errors, before moving on
to a final drawing. That will be in the next lesson. In the premium version of this lesson, I go
into a lot more detail explaining my thoughts on my exaggeration choices on Mr. Putin. But for now, take a look at the finished rough
sketch. This is the point where I need to decide if
it’s good enough to continue, or if I should just stop here and take it back to the thumbnail
sketch phase. On your own sketches, you need to be really
honest with yourself. Because you don’t want to put any more time
trying to render an unsuccessful rough sketch. If the likeness isn’t strong or if it’s
not funny enough at this stage, go back to the drawing board. So, to sum up the basic steps to rough sketching,
I… block in the big head shape, the neck and
shoulders. I establish a centerline. Then I sketch in the features using simple
shapes first. Once I’m happy with size and placement,
I begin roughly drawing the features and add shading. When I’m done, I decide if I can move forward
or need to start over. What’s Next: In the next lesson, I’ll show how I make
corrections and refinements to the rough sketch. It’s basically the secret to awesome caricatures. So don’t miss it. Assignment: If you’re following along in your studio,
practice your own rough sketching by taking some of your best thumbnail sketches to the
next level. Draw more carefully, but don’t worry about
making them perfect. We’ll make them perfect later. Just make them good enough. Remember…baby steps. Premium Content: In the Premium section of this course, you’ll
be able to watch a longer, more detailed version of this lesson along with several more narrated
demonstrations of rough sketching different celebrity faces. If you enjoyed this video, share it and tell your friends. And if you want to be updated on new lessons go to proko.com and subscribe to the newsletter.


  • how to draw dcp

    ha proko

  • Kevin Azhariq


  • Mlevenaa *-*

    So cool!

  • Melissa Adviser

    Путин – няшка :з

  • AFEJUT 2016

    hi pronko! im a fan!

  • max cat

    Детский сад

  • Vishal Namani


  • DrGrukar McNinjaSixthGun

    I have found it remarkable to distort someone's appearance so much, but it still resembles them. Although, if you were trying to do a realistic drawing, if only a few things are off, like shape of the nose and mouth, it can automatically make it difficult to tell who it is.

  • Haji Draws

    im more of a realist drawer

  • Feng zoo


  • Jason Belleza

    The person in the thumbnail picture reminds me of the villain from "The Lorax."

  • Anastasia Ivanova

    Ебать ты че придурок нашего президента уродом делать, свою жену коверкай сукин сын

  • bandwidthzero


  • JX S

    what the vladimir

  • Kitslams Art

    Love your caricature work. Seriously, they truly capture the people being drawn. Spectacular, seriously awesome!

  • Dennis Peel

    It's strange that at first glance I recognized the person on the caricature, but the more I look at it the less recognizable they become.

  • jannes maczan


  • Grains

    If i were mr putin i'd be very honoured to see this thing it's amazing 😀

  • Sercan Arat


  • Vladimir Gorlov


  • амина штоль

    Ho are you!?

  • Станислав Волобуев

    Ну, тупыыые…

  • Даниил Дуров

    Внезапная смена ведущего vol.2

  • Noah Catan

    Excellent video, Court!

  • Valon Linddielli

    ..ohh.., nooo, where is Prokopenko..?! :'(

  • Douglas Mwonzora

    My question is: how can these funny faces be drawn three dimensionally?

  • Lil' Yandere

    can u draw different body types anatomy like skinny, thin, average, fat, lean, muscular, etc

  • Sebastian Westberg

    I like this brush 😀

  • Fernanda Alvarado

    Hi! I'm a big fan of your work, the way you draw it's so amazing, can you make a video of how to draw a smile? Thanks and good work!

  • pablo alexander paredes

    I wish the vídeos had spanish subtitules

  • pid cin

    ah, is that putin? i haven't watched the video yet, but it looks like putin. that's baddddd

  • Paul Feldioreanu

    even in caricature form the bastard's still scary

  • Blacky pawz

    He really likes Putin Omg

  • Illia Sharenda


  • David Reyes

    Courts Great!!!

  • Alexnvrsk100

    Прикольно))) знакомое лицо… где ж его видел…

  • Omar Cruz Ilustración

    I really recommend Tom Richmond's book "THE MAD ART OF CARCATURE. It has over 500 ilustrations that you can use as a reference. And most important, it gives you the very best tips to achieve an incredible likeness with different amounts of distortion.

  • UltimateKyuubiFox

    I think the nose is wrong. It feels more like George W Bush.

  • Srikavya Balu

    Which editor do you use, sir?, you know, the app on which you're drawing the caricature

  • Вова Вова

    свою уродливую королеву нарисуй в следующий раз

  • Ron Mac

    hello! what digital software are you using?


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