Finishing Your Drawing – Caricature Final Sketch

Lesson 5: The Final Drawing Now that you’ve worked your way through the
first four steps to designing a caricature, it’s time to reap the fruit of all that hard
work and create a nice finished drawing. This final drawing is the step that will probably
take you the longest, because of the time it takes to do a nice rendering. But it should actually be the easiest step,
because all of the hard work is already done. And that’s the point to this whole process. We break down our tasks into separate steps,
focusing on accomplishing a single goal at a time. And now is the part where it all comes together
into a finished drawing. We can focus simply on making a nice drawing,
confident that it will look like the subject and have a good funny exaggeration. The Process For this step, we’re going to create a final
line drawing by tracing over the abstraction. And then as I said in the first video, how
you render your final caricature is entirely up to you. So you can finish it in graphite, charcoal
or even use your favorite painting medium. For this demonstration, I’m going to finish
it with graphite. Lesson 5 Demo – Christopher Walken Final
Drawing To help me in this final drawing, I keep my
photo reference and my rough sketch in view while I trace over the abstraction. Since I want to have a realistic and anatomically
correct caricature, my main goal now is to add subtle curves and contours to the simple
forms of the abstraction. But since I want this drawing to be an interesting
work of art as well, I also consider the weight of my line and where I might want to use hard,
soft or even lost edges. Good places to use soft or lost edges are
where the values of two adjacent shapes are similar or when the object you’re drawing
is diffuse and jagged, like the ends of the subject’s hair. To help me better see where the values blend
together, I sometimes squint my eyes to blur the reference photo. Areas that are of similar value really will
blend together on a reference photo when you blur it out. At this stage of the drawing process, you
don’t need to worry too much about the order of things that you draw. You can start with the head shape, you can
start with an ear, or an eyeball. Since you’ve gone through the process of thumbnail,
rough sketch and abstraction sketch, you’ve done the hard part of creating the exaggeration,
refining the likeness and correcting any drawing errors. Now is the really fun part where you can just
render it as realistically or as simply as you like. You can spend an hour on one eye, making it
look pretty, or just add some basic cross hatching lines to indicate the light and shadow. It all depends on your personal tastes, your
skill level and what you ultimately want to do with this drawing. If this drawing will be the last thing you
ever do with this particular caricature, make it as good and as finished as you can. But if you are going to move on to the next
logical step and turn this drawing into a color painting, you may not want to spend
a great deal of time on rendering every last detail here. You’ll just want to do enough to help you
figure out your strategy for painting it. Since I like to paint my caricatures, I’ll
only draw this until the point where it can fully inform my painting. That means that this drawing should show the
details of the anatomy and the different planes and volumes of the head. I will try to indicate as full a range of
values as I can with this pencil to show where the lightest lights and darkest darks will
be in my painting. But I won’t be attempting to create a photo-realistic
rendering in graphite. I won’t even worry about smoothing out the
rough pencil strokes because I happen to like the look of visible textures and pencil strokes
in a drawing. I think they add an extra element of interest,
which will be a reflection of your personal style. You should never worry yourself over how to
develop your own personal artistic style. It will emerge naturally after doing many,
many drawings and paintings. Also, the artists who you admire and study
will have a visible effect on your style. You will unconsciously end up making marks
similar to them, because of all the time you spend staring at their work. So my strategy for shading in the forms here
does follow a basic pattern. I first lightly shade in as large an area
as I can. I try to make the direction of the strokes
move either across the form or up and down the length of it. Since I’m leaving many pencil strokes visible,
I want the direction of the strokes to indicate the directions of the planes. The hair will be more roughly indicated than
the skin, of course, because of the strong texture of the locks and strands. Also, I will usually darken in some small
area early on in a drawing to almost full black, like I’ve done under the chin and jaw. This helps me judge the relative darkness
of my other halftone values. If you wait until the very end to add your
darkest darks, you may find then that your halftones all look too light in value, by
comparison. At this stage, I could probably stop since
most of the forms and planes are lightly indicated. However, I want the drawing to have more visual
punch, so I now will go over many of the same areas with darker values. Your personal rendering style may be a little
different. Perhaps you prefer to finish one small area
completely to a full range of values before moving on to the rest of the head. And that’s perfectly fine. But for me, I tend to dance around the whole
head, bringing up the various parts to a finish all together. By doing that, I can have a little more control
over the look of the finished drawing. If, for example I want to leave the back of
the head unfinished and unfocused so that I can create a focal point at an eye or the
mouth, I’m more able to accomplish that, because I can take in the drawing all at once when
I periodically step back from it. But if you’re more of a fine renderer of detail,
then you may want to complete small areas one at a time. I’ve seen many beautiful drawings come out
of that technique. So now I’m just adding the final dark accents
to the drawing. I think I’m done, so I sign the bottom. But then I spend a few more minutes refining
some unfinished areas. I darken in some of the half-tones, add highlights
with an eraser and add hard-edged lines up against some of the soft shapes. A good drawing will have a wide variety of
edges, just like it should have a wide range of values. I give the hair another pass, darkening it
a bit and adding harder edges to give it a stronger texture in places. If this drawing was going to be the end, I
would probably spend more time modeling the hair. But since I plan to paint this as well, I
will be focusing most of my efforts painting it over the course of several hours. What’s Next The next video will cover how to caricature
the human body. Whether you work as a live caricaturist, an
illustrator or fine artist, you will frequently need to include the subject’s body. The body in a caricature will need to not
only be funny, but will need to have a strong likeness and express gesture and movement. Assignment If you’re following along with these lessons,
you’ll want to take your best abstraction sketch and trace over it to create your final
caricature drawing. And then spend some time on it to add shading
in whatever medium you feel comfortable with. Post your finished drawings on the Proko:
Art of Caricature Facebook group. And if you ask for a critique, I may pick
your drawing to to discuss in an upcoming video. If you enjoyed this video, share it! And tell your friends And if you want to get updates on new videos, go to and subscribe to the newsletter.


  • Lorilee Nimblette

    I'm the third viewer

  • Lorilee Nimblette

    Can u do a grid drawing with someone's face

  • Quiz Nog


  • Mauricio Rebolledo

    Genial, very nice greetings from Venezuela ♥

  • Unais

    great video

  • Oscar Vazquez

    Woah, I'm early!

  • 27thPrecinct

    Great video to start my morning!

  • James Redd

    What pencil is he using?

  • Learn Fine Arts

    I love it so much……

  • Jetto Scranda

    Christopher Walken scary as it is supposed to be 😀

  • Kyle Butterfield

    Always appreciate the instruction, Court! Any chance you will be doing a video of the painting portion of this one? Even a time Lapse? I don't love time lapse, but I understand this isn't a painting course, hehe. Awesome as always!

  • Pedro Mattos

    It's like Walken Sandman

  • BeetleBUMxX

    The moment I saw the picture I was like " That old women kind of looks like Christopher Walken."

  • Deplorable Cat

    thank you for all you informative videos. can you do animals?

  • huskytzu

    Did proko get a plastic surgery?

  • Nazareth434

    umm kinda looks like hillary

  • Yes I am sure I entered my name correctly.

    That drawing stinks!
    (not really, I'm referencing Hillary Clinton and how everyone says she smells like brimstone.)

  • Joshua Anaya

    Holy mother I thought it was Glenn close before I saw the reference

  • amogh sharma

    can we have a video on how to use tracing paper? on what kind of paper is the final sketch done?

  • Justin Vargas

    The finished drawing is great, but I actually prefer your initial sketch.

  • 5ilver Junior

    Rick ?

  • Darren Smith

    Thought it was Hillary Clinton before seeing the photo of Walken…


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