How to Draw a City Street in One Point Perspective: Narrated


Hello and welcome to my new video, How to Draw a City Street View in 1-Point Perspective, step by step, in this video
I’m going to show you one way to draw a city in one-point perspective and to do
that we’re going to start with the horizon line, which is a horizontal line
which will be towards the bottom of the page and that will be the line which
will be between the sky and land and on that we draw a dot in the center and then
from that we draw an angle line going towards the right and then another angle line, a diagonal line going towards the left, now these two lines will be the
road which are going towards the dot which is the vanishing point. now from this vanishing point in the
center of the horizontal line we need another line coming up towards
the left which will be the height of some of the
buildings on the left hand side of this street, and then we’ll need another line going
towards the right which will be the height of most of the tops of the
buildings on the right hand side of the street, so we have a basic structure for the
street already in place, now we’ll put a vertical line, starting on the diagonal,
going down and then from that vertical line right touch dragon line will draw a
right angle line towards the right and this will be the start of the side of
one of the nearby buildings in our street and then add another vertical
line and then we have the side rectangle of the nearest building, if I draw yet
another vertical line again from the diagonal, that will give me the length of
the building and then I can draw a triangle on the nearest side of the
building and that will give me the pitch of the roof, next I need to work out the angle here
that goes to the vanishing point, I won’t draw the line all the way along, just to
some extent and sort of imagine it going to the vanishing point, and then I’ll copy the
diagonal line of the pitch of the roof for the further line of the pitch of the
roof and therefore I got my first basic building, next to go into another
building which can be behind this first building, with a tiny gap between two, so the vertical line is slightly to the
left of the far side vertical line of the first building, then I read it across and with the
horizontal line and then I put another pitched roof for the first few buildings, I don’t know why but they are going to
have pitched roofs, and I’m sort of visualizing the diagonal line going
towards vertical without drawing it all the way along, and then I need to work out here if
there’s going to be any part of the side of the roof that I’m going to see, so
it’s gonna be a really small thin sliver of the roof, but I’ll put it in any way
and I can work that out again by reading to the vanishing point, now on the left
hand side I need some buildings here so I’ll put a vertical line quite close to
the left hand side and then I’ll put another vertical line and that this will
be the facade of the first building that will draw on the left hand side, now this budding divided into equal
stripes and all of these will be like floors of the building which will go, if
they were continuous lines, to the vanishing point, and then I also use this technique to
create the tops of the doors or maybe the bottoms of the windows or tops
of the windows on the right hand side, just by putting some lines and diagonal
lines, which again will always go towards the vanishing point, if they were to continue from where they are, so, next I will put a little door in here
for the nearest building on the right hand side and then on the left-hand side
I’ll sort of echo that and put a door structure here, reading across from the
vanishing point to find out where the top of the door goes, the angle of the
top of the door, and it’s just up to me where the vertical line will go, and then
I’m going to extend the vertical line on the left-hand side to make this building
taller, indeed I’ll make the building to the
left of it taller, because that will make it seem nearer and then I’m going to
place another building, again not right next to the building of stripes, but a
little gap in between it and then the far wall of it as well and these
vertical lines always need to be vertical like the sides of your paper, the left and right hand sides your paper,
now this building, I’m going to make it a little bit more complicated so I put a little roof in here, like a
pitch roof triangle and then I can read across from the tops of these to the
left that sort of 90 degree angles, so that
they’re parallel to the horizontal line that we did earlier on, and then that
will create the top of the build and then, I am imagining this as some sort of
church, I might put a window in here so I’m
working out from the other diagonal lines I have already got, and knowing where the
vanishing point is, I’m working out the top and the bottom of the window first,
because I know that the vertical lines are just going to be vertical, I’ll put in some small markings within
the window, just to show that it’s an area which has some complexity to it, and
then below the window I need some sort of door or entranceway to this building
and, I’ve made it quite large here, I’ll probably put in in a doorway or
some stairs in here, just to break it down into a more
reasonable size quite often churches you have a big door
and within the big door there is a smaller door, anyway I’m just making up these buildings,
as sort of interesting shapes and here I’m going to divide this building up in
to vertical lines and I think this will help with the structure of this building, next on the right hand side I think I need a few more buildings, so
again I’m going to do a vertical line which isn’t touching the previous line
and then I just top and tail it with a right angle going towards the right, then
that will be the side of the building, and then I’ll work out where the top of
this new building go and how far back it will go, I don’t go too near to the
horizontal line and the vanishing point because otherwise it will look like an endless building, so you can stop these buildings quite short by making the vertical lines quite close
to each other, particularly as they get nearer and nearer to the vanishing point, and here I will just put in some windows, it’s quite a good idea when you’re doing windows, as you do the vertical lines on
them, that you just read them down so that the windows on the buildings that
you’re producing are symmetrical and in line with each other, it will just look, make it look more
like a building, so here on the left I feel that I need a taller building, so I might just increase the size of some aspects of this building on the left and here the line this that I’ve just
put in would be going more or less to the vanishing point and then here’s yet
another vertical line and I think rather than have this just a box like,
cuboid shape, I need to put some lines on its like the
lines in the lower part of the building, but I’ll do these lines a little bit nearer
to each other than the first time that I did it and again I’m reading from the vanishing
point, so I can sort of visualize it in my mind’s eye where these lines would
end up, they’re not doing all the structure
lines or scaffolding lines because I’m just using a pen on paper and if I did all the working out lines, it would get too complicated for you and me, so I just
sort of making it up as they go along, which means that every line that I do, I
need to keep, so these lines on the, going towards the left, which are horizontal,
they’re nice and straight forward lines and they give some solidity to the
building, so we’ve got a corner of building there and then beyond the
church and do some smaller buildings or some of them will be smaller, but some of
them will just be smaller because they’re further away, but they might actually be
bigger buildings than the buildings that are nearer, I think that would be quite fun
to do, so some of the buildings can be above
the line that’s we originally did, which was the line which showed where most of the buildings will stop and here I think on the left hand side I will draw two big
panels, not quite sure what they are, but they’ll just make the nearest part of
the building seemed quite up close, because they’re bigger shapes and then
here towards the vanishing point I’ll do some smaller buildings, again a gap
that’s pretty small building there so it may be in the next building a bit taller
and then I’ll just extend that above the line and then it’s quite nice I think,
when buildings sort of tucked behind other buildings, it gives a nice sense of
space and you can create this space that you wish to achieve, so on the left-hand side I think I have a taller building which is far away the base of the skyscraper, so put that
in, it’s a bit like a cereal box and then I’ll do the lines along here, so because we’ve got most of the shapes in now I’m going to speed up this video a little bit, we’re about, just over nine minutes
into the video, so I just put in the pavements of the streets along the
either side here, so a lot of the things from this stage
on I’m just repeating so on the right-hand side I put a big box shape… and then on the left hand side I”ll make this tower, this skyscraper,
quite thin, and have a little gap in between itself and the building to its
left, just to create some tension and then put some lines down on one side
of the building and not really a new shading but I just give the illusion of
shading and tone a little bit, by how close I keep some of the lines, so along
in this building on the right, I just do a few dashes at the top and
then I can read those lines down and then I get some, repeated, some windows
and then just put a roof on this early building, I think on the right hand side
I’m going to have to invent something on the first building that I did, just to
make it look a bit more complicated because it’s got the structural lines of
the first few lines that we did on the drawing, on left hand side, with this
church, I’m doing some horizontal lines which are diagonal, because they are in
perspective, going to the vanishing point putting the roofs and not making them
jet black, but just putting them making them a little bit darker by adding lines
to them and again vertical lines on this building and then
horizontal lines going towards the vanishing point, so at this stage I’m trying to get some scale to the buildings, I think I want to make it a little bit
more dramatic, so I’m going to put some more buildings in the background as I
speed up this video a little bit more again, because the next stage really is just to put many many more windows in and they’ll need to follow the rules the
basic structure of a one-point perspective drawing, which is keeping all
the verticals vertical, all the horizontal horizontal and then all the lines which
are horizontal but are going away from us at an angle, they’ll need to end up at
the vanishing point, so it’s a simplified way of seeing things it’s not really what reality looks
like, but it’s quite a useful thing, it is a useful way to depict 3-dimensional scene with piece of paper and a pen in a two-dimensional way, so
speeding along here you can see the developments of putting more and more
buildings in, well I hope you liked this video and I
hope it’s useful for your own drawing! Please subscribe to my youtube channel
Circle Line Art School, for many many more videos… Thank you very much for watching
and see you next time! youtube.com/CIRCLELINEARTSCHOOL

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