How to Paint with Oils


How to Paint with Oils. With the right preparation, you too can paint
using the medium masters have used for centuries. You will need A variety of colored oil paints
Sable brushes A stretched canvas Gesso Fine sandpaper An easel A palette Linseed oil A
palette knife Mineral spirits Turpentine Lint-free cloth A cup Rags Paints with cadmium (optional)
Resins (optional) and balsams (optional). Step 1. Buy oil paints from an art supplier, where
well-formulated oil paints are less likely to dry yellow and brittle or harden in the
tube. Get sable brushes of various shapes and sizes. Keep in mind that paints with cadmium will
dry in days rather than hours. Step 2. Pretreat an already stretched canvas with
gesso. To further fill pores and smooth the surface,
use fine sandpaper, and cover a second time. Once the gesso dries, sketch your scene. Step 3. Set the canvas on the easel. Squeeze out the “fat” or thick paint from
the bottom of the tube onto the palette. Step 4. Mix linseed oil into the darker colors to
be used on the under-painting, since it dries better. Use the palette knife to work in mineral spirits
to make the paint lean and elastic. Essential oils like turpentine evaporate well
and are good thinners. Resins and balsams add clarity and gloss. Step 5. Use a light hand when applying the paint,
and a wider stroke when applying more medium. Step 6. Correct mistakes, wiping away the paint with
the palette knife and use a turpentine-dipped, lint-free cloth to finish removing. When you repaint, sand that surface first
and moisten it with a touch of mineral oil. Step 7. Dip the brush in a cup filled with a small
amount of turpentine to clean as you paint. Dry the painting in light whenever possible,
as daylight cures the colors better. Painting thinner layers over a thick drying
layer will distort the surface of the painting. Step 8. Wipe your knife and handles with rags when
you’re finished. Stir the brushes in solvent, but don’t soak
them overnight. Scoop leftover globs of paint from the palette
so that the surface is smooth for the next round. Did you know Did you know? Oil paints were originally used only for utilitarian
purposes, until the discovery of turpentine as an effective thinning agent.

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