The Art of Gem Carving


Narrator: The process of gem carving is the same today as it was in antiquity, although modern tools
are slightly different. It begins with finding the right stone. Here, the carver chips
off a piece of carnelian. He selects the color and layer
of stone that suit the project. After cutting the gem further, he grinds the stone to
the rough shape desired, leaving it slightly larger
to allow room for carving. (machine running)
Water flows continuously to cool the stone to prevent
overheating and fracturing. The carver creates a slurry by mixing olive oil with an abrasive powder. Emery or corundum was used in antiquity, while diamond dust is used today. A metal drill is dipped
in the slurry and holds the abrasive particles as they
cut away tiny amounts of stone. The slurry turns brown from bits
of copper ground off the tool. Using a hollow tip, a whole is drilled through the gem from both ends. The core is broken off
with gentle pressure. Now the gem can be mounted in a ring, or suspended on a cord as a pendant. The color of the gem can be enhanced by soaking it in a
solution of iron compounds. Here, from rusted nails. Heating the gem further
intensifies the color. Using differently shaped tools allows the carver to cut various
shapes into the stone. On the back of the gem the artist sketches the rough form to be carved. In this case, a scarab, or beetle. The modern carver uses an electric drill, while ancient craftsmen
used hand-powered tools. For the final stages, he uses tools made of softer materials,
such as wood or leather, and a slurry made of a finer abrasive. The result is a smooth, polished surface. On the other side of the
stone the carver sketches the image of a young man
adjusting his sandal. The lines are bright enough for the carver to follow through the slurry, although some of the
engraving is done blind. The carver relies on the vibrations of the tool to feel when
it is cutting or not. The carver engraves the forms of the body with a a variety of tools, which decrease in size as he carves the finer details. Lastly, the carver adds a decorative
boarder and signes the gem. This work is a copy of
an ancient Greek gem in the Getty’s collection that was
carved by Epimenes around 500 B.C.

100 comments

  • Q2SA

    Turn the video speed up to 1.25 and she sounds normal.

    Reply
  • Ash nb

    Why am I here

    Reply
  • Paradoxks

    I like her voice

    Reply
  • Harambe Keemstar

    that i so beautiful

    Reply
  • Julio Ortiz99

    Great video

    Reply
  • Bong Bong

    The ancients used alien technology.

    Reply
  • ADRIAAN1007

    what a pretentious voice on this narrator.

    Reply
  • Kirsten Richards

    When you think of the time and effort that went into creating the ancient carved jewel,it makes it all the more impressive.Amazing.

    Reply
  • Phillipe Uwagoya

    i want to buy it

    Reply
  • Victor P.

    The guy has 99 crafting

    Reply
  • Concerned Citizen

    Sad so much of the world's history is being lost as we speak, but it turns out that people in China actually had contacts with the outside world and were influenced by and influenced others: https://tibetanholocaust.wordpress.com/the-hall-of-enslaved-idols/muhammad/ FREE TIBET!!!! LISTEN!!! BE AWARE!!!! IT IS ALL LOST IF YOU DON'T OPEN YOUR EYES!!! For our history, our shared history of the world is being destroyed. FREE TIBET!!!!!!!!!

    Reply
  • キティニャー

    -what gem u got bro?
    -the young man adjusting sandal
    -bruh..

    Reply
  • VEI DORJE

    sumerian cylinder seals carved into semi-precious stones they still don't know how they proceded nice video

    Reply
  • Cy Star

    I cant even do this because im clumsy af, probably drill my fingers given how small that gem is 😂 but i really love watching the whole video. So satisfying 😍

    Reply
  • FBuilding

    Pretty relaxing voice.

    Reply
  • christian martinez

    How did k ended up here?

    Reply
  • Random Female

    Aside from the beauty of the carvings, the tiny Greek lettering is truly amazing.

    Reply
  • 1337fraggzb00N

    The older gem has even more details. What an amazing piece of art 😮

    Reply
  • Thomas Christopher White

    Is Jackie Kennedy narrating this?

    Reply
  • ZenXXII

    That narrator sounds thirsty as fuck.

    Reply
  • D Dub

    Do anyone know the name of the grinding wheel equipment including the water pump he used at :30-:46 where to buy, or know a video on how to make one.

    Reply
  • SeaMonkeyLad

    Where can I find these copper bits?

    Reply
  • Jezza Lenko

    wow… this really opened my eyes to the techniques involved

    Reply
  • ScoriacTears

    That is one sexy voice, she should to be reading erotic novels for a living, I couldn't even concentrate on whatever the video was about. . . Ahh! gem carving!. . . did you hear the way she just said tool?
    I came for enlightenment and now I go henceforth to a cold shower.

    Reply
  • Cyle Thomas

    I would love to know where he got his burr set, and more about the tools. I've been looking around but cannot find one that carves beads like that. So many questions.

    Reply
  • Raphael Vasconcellos

    her voice sound so obscene

    Reply
  • 19 Dragons

    garbage

    Reply
  • dudelivestrong

    Ain’t nobody got time to carve gems

    Reply
  • dojufitz

    Hypnosoz1967 on eBay sells beautiful glass paste gems of Greek & Roman origin.

    Reply
  • Marty P

    u sound like the woman voice bill burr always does

    Reply
  • ivy

    she sounds like Natalie Portman when she was Jackie Kennedy.

    Reply
  • Lass-in Angeles

    A real treat! Thank you!!

    Reply
  • Wandering In The Woods

    Absolutely amazing! I'd love to try my skill at this, I can draw pretty good but I don't know, this dwarfs my skill!

    Reply
  • Marjorie Vaughn

    This sounds like ASMR

    Reply
  • Mrs. Chanandler Bong

    Oh he's a lefty:D

    Reply
  • Derrick Lopez

    That's so cool I wanna learn

    Reply
  • Goattacular

    Plot twist: You can now see that gem you just watched being crafted in the Getty Museum's display case. The perfect heist is the one where no one thinks anything is missing. XD

    I jest. Seriously though, don't be a criminal. Impressive work, btw. 🙂

    Reply
  • fallenSlave

    ugly

    Reply
  • Mymon mantilore

    hehehe, he made a peepee

    Reply
  • kirby waite

    How can the technique be the same as it was in antiquity when they didn't have any power driven tools?

    Reply
  • Zapa 98989

    THAT ANCIENT SPIRIT WAS AWESOME ARTIST..!! I wonder how he bullied us "oiii grandchild, you using powertools and cost you alot of money?? i just use knives, stones and a hammer huaahahahahah"

    Reply
  • Rizky Citra Anugrah

    The fact that he wears little to no protection is beyond me

    Reply
  • alvin xie

    perfect art !! Hello Sir. How to make solution of iron compounds? how much time you put into solution compounds? is make colour darker? what for you burn? thank you

    Reply
  • rebbekah cannons

    I had rock polishing kit when I was younger.weeks of it going through various tumblers and alot of mess, it had nothing on the skill and results of this but it reminded me of that kit 😀

    Reply
  • cacadodo666

    All that work for something you might find in a lvl one dungeon?

    Reply
  • Sher Grissom

    WoW.

    Reply
  • ubastich

    The ancient one looks better than the modern one

    Reply
  • Oliver Eales

    dont want to be a dick, but what would the ancient people use instead of a Dremel tool?

    Reply
  • Cody Weston

    the copy looks better than the original.

    Reply
  • RLS0812

    In the professional lapidary world, what this guy did to the 'gem' could be considered fraudulent. Dyeing and heat treating is considered a BIG no-no !

    Reply
  • huskyfluffy

    Lovely!

    Reply
  • Elena Pena

    I went from watching Play-Doh to this

    Reply
  • Andre Ledo

    "Since antiquity, gemstones have been engraved using the same methods. Follow the process from start to finish in this short video from the Getty Museum."
    Oh my god this man is a genius he discovered that electricity was actually harnessed much earlier!!! no.

    Reply
  • Jeanette York

    I always wondered how the Myceneans and Cretans did their fine seals and other carvings in stone. Thank you for this video!

    Reply
  • Johannes Liechtenauer

    So many moronic Americanised millennial mongoloids commenting on this video. Disheartening to see the idiocracy grow before you.

    Reply
  • Senpai

    her voice is so soothing.

    Reply
  • Wendy Brandes Jewelry

    Thank you for sharing! So many people don't know what is involved with gem carving.

    Reply
  • Sulung Sopha kalana

    100% natural ART ON GOOGLE.
    please clik
    ZULUNK

    Reply
  • Sulung Sopha kalana

    100% natural ART ON GOOGLE.
    please clik
    ZULUNK

    Reply
  • Ingrid Ye

    thx for sharing

    Reply
  • Greek Salad

    Lots of love and craftsmanship goes into one tiny gem. Now that's what you call dedication.

    Reply
  • Stelios Kapet

    Why you show us the modern tools and not the ancient tools and how they used it ?

    Reply
  • Grundle Munch

    looks like dogshit

    Reply
  • This womans voice makes me want to stab out my eardrums…

    Reply
  • NELSON X

    Nailed it.

    Reply
  • Aloni Martin

    Did natalie portman impersonating jackie kennedy narrate this video?

    Reply
  • Ms Danig

    You know, I hate when I go down to the comments in these videos,showing someone with more skill and patience than most of you probably every have, creating something with techniques almost lost to time and everyone is just griping about 'ohh the original is better', 'ohh they have all these modern tools and yet it doesn't look better than the original' and 'ohh it's less detailed' and all of this other aggravating bull crap. You all sound like pretentious twats.

    These things take.Time. Time we don't have in this day and age and the original was probably made by a MASTER. People that dedicated their entire lives to these things! A lot of people today can't really do that, so of course it will take longer to reach that kind of level! Gosh, there's absolutely nothing wrong with critiquing, but it's absolutely unfair to the artists when you compare them to a MASTER of the craft.

    It honestly comes across like you don't really understand the time, effort, stress, trial and error and passion an artist puts into their pieces and it makes my blood boil. They don't magically make masterpieces overnight. Thought that was freaking common sense🙄🙄🙄

    Reply
  • Josh Graham

    The narrator sounds like Jackie Kennedy

    Reply
  • Syd Lou Dene

    I love her voice

    Reply
  • Wolf Of Cold Flame

    Can this be done to harder gems like Rubies, Sapphires and Emeralds that aren't heat treated? i really want to know.. guess it depends on hardness…

    Reply
  • Hazylane

    Pretty sure i could carve the mordern one. Using hand tools gives much more control which results in a whole lot more detail.

    Reply
  • vin 950

    I still want to know how they did this without power tools. It seems much easier when you have something rapidly rotating for you. How one earth did they manage without it? I can see how they might have cut gems or ground them into general shapes, but how did they manage fine work without power tools?

    Reply
  • Lisa Godin

    The Patience Award goes to….

    Reply
  • 송지원

    It starts with the searching stone

    Reply
  • Hood skin is good skin

    Her voice is so fucking cringey

    Reply
  • Just a Bunch of Bees

    Thought he was doing surgery on a grape

    Reply
  • Poke Russ

    Now make a video where you do it with what our so called archeologists think it was done with and how the ancients were supposed to have done it.

    Reply
  • Fairy Frequency

    Absolutely fantastic! Just discovered your channel and now your newest supporter. Inviting you to discover our channel too friends x)

    Reply
  • Najmah Chant

    draw as tiny as you can challenge in <insert number here> BC

    Reply
  • ahmed eldidi

    Wow you are brofisionl artist 👍👍👏

    Reply
  • PowerfulVeganHands

    Omg the original is amazing . It even shows muscle striations

    Reply
  • silver watcher

    The ancient one looked way more appealing to the eye.

    Reply
  • GANZO

    This is Steven universe season 6

    Reply
  • Squishy

    The detail on Epimones' piece is nuts, the arms muscles ffs

    Reply
  • Wana2dmax Max

    Toolssssssss

    Reply
  • Victor Tsykunov

    I wander what tool he use for lettering laser ?

    Reply
  • Amruta Mahajan

    I just want to thank everyone who makes this channel possible. You're giving out amazing content. Thank you SO much.

    Reply
  • Purple Eyes Everywhere

    you used electric tools….. you think the greeks used electric tools?? why dont you use hand powered tools?….. can't? yeah maybe the greeks had technology you dont know about

    Reply
  • Russian Standard Vodka Platinum

    this voice tho, sounds like its about to say

    before the light of the gods entered the world, there was only darkness ruled by titans.

    Reply
  • Danimals channel

    The old one is better! That is insane. Wonder what hand tools they used!!

    Reply
  • Robert Fierce

    Bro dat's not a gem! The Epimenes stone IS A GEM!

    Reply
  • Nelson Ferreira

    Wonderful!

    Reply
  • IDK P.

    So beautiful! Beautiful beautiful beautiful!! ❤️❤️❤️

    Reply
  • Dem Hall

    This voice could send me sleep😴

    Reply
  • Sun Jara

    The original gem is much better in terms of colour.

    Reply
  • Theeb Theeb

    كبير الله الله

    Reply
  • Anna Maria Soprano

    Beautifully done and explained. Thank you!

    Reply
  • Gods Eye View

    The pending question is how did they do it, and do it so well back then when they supposedly did not have modern tools. Why isn't that being explored?

    Reply
  • رامبد احمدی

    Please tell me the name of this artist

    Reply
  • Glass of Bacchus

    Does anyone know what type of burrs he is using? They don’t seem to be diamond and I can’t seem to find “copper burrs”

    Reply

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