Top 5 weathering techniques for building scale models

Welcome to Dave’s Model Workshop. Today it’s a very different very special video I’m doing the top five weathering techniques for beginners mainly focusing on armor builders and The special thing here is that I am doing this in collaboration with another youtuber PANZERMEISTER 36. If you haven’t previously checked out his channel I recommend you do, just type in up the top panzer meister 36 and see what he’s got lots of videos He’s from Canada. I’m from Australia so two different sides of the world but yet We’re both putting together our top five list of best weathering techniques for beginners So compare the two, check out his video after you’ve seen mine. I’ll put a link in at the end and Without any further ado. Let’s get stuck in: NUMBER FIVE Okay number five the salt technique, so this is really good for modulating a monochrome colour. Here we’ve got a Panzer, a Tiger I, all desert yellow A little bit boring, it needs some color changing, some color modulation. It’s great for Russian green tanks as well. So what you do is you take your single color tank like this and you wet it So you gently mist it using a spray bottle and then once you’ve wet it sprinkle salt all over it. So you would want like a Gourmet sort of a sea-salt, you don’t want just your everyday kind of standard all the grains are the same size salt. You want different sized grains, so it looks a little bit like this so once that’s dry and You know all the water has evaporated away, you’ve got a nice crusting of random salt Then you paint it with a very very light coat of A light color so in this case I did white you can see it here very very low PSI maybe 15 PSI and very thin paint so Generally I’d say maybe 80% thinners to 20% paint maybe even 90% thinners to 10% paint, and you just want to do a very gentle coat Once that’s done Wash your salt off, let the paint dry obviously, then wash your salt off And you get that really nice modulation effect. Here I’ve done a second coat so actually the second version with black. Again sprinkle on water then sprinkle on salt, let all dry off, do another coat of paint (in this case black) and Once again, let the paint dry Wash the salt off and you’ve got just this really beautiful color modulation here So yeah as you can see it Just gives you that nice random mottling effect on the paint and it breaks up that single color surface The other thing I love about this is that it’s a little bit random you’re never quite sure what you’re gonna get until you do it Yeah, I think that’s probably one of my favorite ways to do weathering is just to try it and see what you get Yeah, so look here. It is that’s the effect you’ll get with the painting, and it’s really versatile And it’s just a lot of fun highly recommend it give it a go guys Number four is sponge chipping paint so get yourself a little piece of sponge Try and have fairly irregular sort of edges this is a Testbed for this it’s fairly unchipped as you can see got some Acrylic chipping color here so you know Obviously it depends what you want to do with Your chipping whether you want to get it down to a bare metal or to rusted metal or quite what, but it’s easy as pie. Grab your sponge Dip it in your paint It’s got a fairly good coating Get the worst of it off. So you’re not gonna be putting massive blobs everywhere and then just chip away You can see let’s try to get that in the light you can see the chips here I’m going to let those dry a little bit Put some around here as well Sorry I’m working into the light. Rookie mistake! So what’s beautiful about sponge chipping is that you get a very random pattern. It’s much more random than if you try to do it with say a paintbrush and Yeah, it’s just you know it’s really easy and effective Sorry again, I’m not even showing you on camera goodness me, so It’s that very randomness that I really love with this Once it starts to dry out you’ll get less on there so you just Dip it back into your paint Get the biggest globs of it off . You don’t have to use tweezers you know perhaps I’m being a bit precious there Okay Try again Yeah, there’s some really good ones there see if you can See that in the light bit hard to see I’ll take a photo show you the results What I’m gonna do once this dries it just put a bit of rust streaks around the chips as well and You know make it look Like this beast has had a hard time in Vietnam. I’ll show you the results very very soon I just decided I’d try some lighter rust as well. It’s a medium rust same bit of sponge same technique just See what that comes up with for us. Just nice to get a bit of color modulation there And that’s not really working too much of the old rusted, and yeah, the old rust cover is coming through So I’m just gonna break off another piece of Sponge from my handy sponge here So yeah like I said you can see how just how easy this is it’s crazy easy I Guess there’s a little bit of artistry involved in Getting your dots the right size And not being too heavy-handed But it’s a very very fun and effective technique I always find you know multiple rust colors is usually More realistic than just a single tone of rust so there we go all right So I’m going to do some pigment work on this couple of rusty streaks, etc, and I’ll show you the results Today I’m gonna be showing you how to make mud and apply it to your 1/35th armor, so I’ve got my Su 122 looking great and rusty and weathered on top, but the edges sides Unrealistically clean, no way, so we’re gonna make some mud today all I’ve got is some dirt. I got out of the garden some white PVA glue and some paint XF 52 Tamiya flat earth, and we’re going to mix them all together and make them into a Realistic mud that we can daub on with a paintbrush that you don’t care about any more because it will get ugly. Yep, so let’s go. First thing we do is a glob of the PVA glue so look at this it’s not rocket science. There’s no set no set proportions that you should be using here Whatever feels right to you basically. So glob some paint in to get rid of that color And then a bit of the dirt If you are worried about it being out of scale you can certainly sieve your dirt if you need to I’m not gonna be too pedantic about it… life’s too short. Mix it together and just check on that coloring so Okay the white glue will dry clear obviously But we might need a little more. I’m after quite a dried mud effect here today the The diorama, this is going to be a part of is an bandoned tank, so I want this mud to not feel fresh, so it’s still a bit, too Gloopy bit too liquid, so I’m just gonna add some more dirt in so as I said it’s not been filtered You can see there’s a great big chunk of something in there And that dirt gives you a realistic texture so yeah that looks pretty good let’s Start glooping it on, and you just want to be random here, you want to be haphazard not too planned As you can see there Don’t foreget up underneath fenders And Put on in there, yeah good That’s my daughter home from a day at the zoo In the background there And yeah, that’s feeling pretty good to me Just hold that without my arm in the way, so yeah as you can see You get a fairly realistic tone Come on, let’s get some focus here Focus that’s better And once that dries. I think I’ll have a realistic time of mud. Yeah, we’ll come back soon. Here’s the result so as you can see it dries out really nicely There’s lots of texture, and it just gives a really convincing mud effect So this is on the tank that you saw in that earlier video. Here’s another tank I’ve done You can modulate the color And you know do darker, lighter, dry or wet it’s really effective and it’s cheap as chips. Can’t go wrong. Okay number two Using pigments for dust so this is a great way to get a dusty effect on your models So look don’t judge the vehicle. This is an old vehicle particularly the figures but Pigments, sorry, pastels or pigments you can make your own by purchasing Pastels from your local art supply store, so you guys know me. I love to save you money It’s a bunch of them in there They’re pretty grubby, but get yourself chalk pastels (NOT oil pastels) and all you have to do, here’s one that I worked on previously, all you have to do is just take a scalpel and scrape chalk off like this Into any kind of jar or lid or whatever it’s a really gentle process You do end up with crap all over your fingers, but You can see that yellowish pastel that’s ended up in there Whoops, just dropped my paintbrush! Got it okay, so yeah, you can see the yellowish pastel that’s ended up in there.So this stuff look It’s good. This is where I started off using pigments I Was too cheap to go and buy my own to buy the professional stuff, and it’s good, but it’s not as good as the Pre-made stuff. It’s not often you will hear me say that but in this case, it’s true The colors just aren’t quite as versatile They’re not quite as long-lasting You know they’re a lot cheaper there. I think each of those is about a dollar or something crazy like that’s, so they are a hell of a lot cheaper but Yeah, it’s a little bit coarse and just not quite as good I might even try to mix up a little of that earlier brownish reddish color I had in there So they’re great for dust smears for for water smears You know sort of streaks from ran anything like that, They’re really? great. Yeah, I’m getting a bit more heavy-handed you just to show you the effect So you see the way that it kind of builds up into the creases like dirt or dust I love that it’s a great effect so, that’s using Chalk pastels, but you can also Buy the pre-made stuff AK Iinteractive that’s what I’ve got. I wouldn’t say I recommend it particularly more than anyone else out there What is easy about it though is it’s just it’s pre ground just opening up that tin, and you get some pretty good colors, so That’s working with just wiping off that brush and You’ll see what it’s like, so it just seems to Just tapping it off. Just seems to apply better and be a bit finer. You can see the grains are finer The Application is better um You know if I were too heavy-handed here. You’ll see it pretty quickly. Yeah, that’s way too heavy-handed I didn’t tap it off on the edge of the bottle there and it shows But the beautiful thing about working with these guys is that if you’re unhappy You can just wipe it off, and if that doesn’t work You can just wet it. I’ve just spat on my finger isn’t that classy and it will come off if you want to be all fancy pants you could even use water from a tap So let’s try that again, but yeah, it’s just like I said these ones. I finally have a bit of I I might even use another brush and just fade that off a bit there. So yeah, you can see the effect that you get um I love working with these. It takes a little getting used to but look at how subtle that is across there and Really lovely takes a little getting used to but they are a lot of fun, and they’re totally forgiving because if you stuff it up Just wet it and wash it off great I can’t recommend These guys highly enough. If you want to spend the money go out and buy the pigments if you want to be cheap And I totally totally get that, buy some pastels and just try it out to start with as a beginner. Enjoy! And finally my absolute favorite weathering technique for anyone newbies or Experienced this is just the best the bee’s knees. It’s the most versatile. I love it. Oil paints. Using oil paints – thin them out And then use them as a wash to pick out detail so you can do pin washes where it’s tiny tiny detail, or you can sploosh it over a bit more where it’s a bit more like a Filter or just a more general wash. If you don’t buy any other piece of equipment based on this video Pick yourself up some van Dyck Brown Oil paints this cost me like two bucks. I think it was um Van Dyck Brown It’s the most versatile color out there. You just can’t go wrong I’ve got here a Vietnam era Jeep, that I built ages ago You can see it’s JUST okay. Those headlights are terrible, but we’re not talking about those today. Sop splooge yourself out some Van Dyck Brown oil, if it’s too oily, too greasy, then mop up that oil with some paper towel Then Get yourself some thinners it doesn’t have to be anything special I think this is just plain old Turps plain old turpentine And I’m just dipping my brush into the bottle and putting some dots of turps next to my Van Dyck Brown Mix it up a little until you’ve got a nice consistency That’s just about right And so what I’m gonna do: these little tiny dots here, I’m gonna bring this a bit closer, these little tiny bolts (let’s get some focus) little tiny bolts up under the engine here I’m just gonna dip little pin washes of that Van Dyck Brown Around those guys and around the headlights. And that is going to bring up that detail Add some shadow effect around them and just make those stand out more If you Want it to be a bit more generous? I’m doing a pin wash at the moment, but if you want to be more generous with it. Just glob it on wherever you want This stuff is perfect for Oil stains it’s perfect for general grime (don’t knock the camera over!) It’s just it’s the most versatile thing that you can do with oil paint and models So I’m gonna leave that to dry But you get a sense of how it brings that detail out So this one Here hasn’t actually had much of an effect that this one here around the headlight here Around these ones you really do see the difference that it makes once that dries. You’ll get rid of those “tide marks” around them And you just get a lovely grimy effect . This little guy on the bottom here Tough to do this around the camera Yeah, gives you the idea, so you know you can’t go wrong. This is my absolute favorite method for Weathering it’s just the bee’s knees It really is great So you can already see that the turps just evaporate away fairly quickly And it just leaves you with this beautiful griminess, this one Here is the best one here so far, but around the headlights as well. Let’s do a little tiny bit more Around those headlight rims And this stuff is just so versatile Yeah, you wouldn’t want to go out and spend big money And for what you pay, it’s the best. It’s the most cost effective way you can ever weather a model Take it from me Anyway, that’s my favorite of my top five techniques guys We’ll I hope you found that interesting and helpful The top five tips for beginners could also just be top 5 really versatile tips for everybody who builds models Do check out PanzerMeister’s version see what he thinks and compare notes and yeah, check out his other videos, check out my other videos, and Good luck. Cheers guys. I hope you have enjoyed.


  • Didier Hoornaert

    Please use white light. Everything we see gets yellow artificial light and we do not have a clear picture. Thank you for your good advice.

  • mike love

    kind of a stupid question, what type of sponge is there a certain type that works best?

  • ricky perry

    OMG, Dave that is by far the VERY best tank model I have ever seen.!!!!!!!

  • sunchaser w

    So professional and innovative… Thanks so much

  • Eyonyx & RAZERlazer 109

    I like the home made mud!! I’ll definitely try it! ?

  • Woodsquatch

    Love your videos. However, you always seem like your whispering as to not wake up your wife and kids. Lol.

  • Bumbling Brit

    I don't know why everyone's complaining about your mic. Sure, it wasn't like TV studio quality, but it was totally understandable and not at all irritating to listen to. Thanks for the vid!

  • graham aker

    Thanks for the tips!! I'm building a M51 super sherman diorama for the battle of mt sinai. Any advice on how should I weather my tank? btw your voice sounded like Gordon Ramsay XD

  • questionable mistake

    finally a good beginners with out an air brush, almost every Technic requires an air brush but these video does not.
    it is nice to finally weather models

  • Rich Courtney

    Do you seal after weather effects, like the dusting ?

  • Brigante

    jack black

  • Michael Germino

    You are like the bob ross of weathering techniques. Great video!

  • Tuan Cuong Pham

    Thank god for the subtitles, the audio is so low

  • RJ Bayley

    With the mud, do I need to use a particular kind of dirt or can I just use dog dirt?

  • greg cooke

    Sherman tank with the mud looks really sharp , I think improvising with materials is not only cheaper but can create a better look than manufactured modelling products . Just hope the cat hasn’t been going in the garden. Great job!

  • One Man's Junk Is Another Man's Treasure

    ?? "if you want to be a fancypants you could use water from a tap"????

  • corey seals

    Great video, but you had me at bees knees lol I love that saying!!!! Cheers mate good job and happy modeling to you.

  • Shaun Kenney

    This is great stuff. Been doing this off and on for 20 years, but these videos are really getting me back in the game. Much thanks!

  • Small Soldier

    Was just at Panzermisters channel and saw your collaboration then came here. Some interesting weathering techniques. If you have some time pop over and check my channel out. I'm trying to link up with some other YouTubers that have similar interests to mine. Keep up the great work. Oh I just subbed btw.

  • Thomas Gebhardt

    Dave, can you apply the rust sponge look over the dirt technique for a corroded rust look? Thanks

  • Sangeeth N

    Hi Dave, I’ve been a big fan of you for years…Could you please suggest me any website where I can buy such old wartime figures like the Vietnam jeep and the old truck with army men?

  • Swampbutt Stinson

    I wonder if powdered makeup foundation might work well for both dust and mud? Seems like it would have the very fine consistency one would be going for

  • Peter Smith

    Good tips mate, I just learnt about chipping fluid for acrylic paints and I'm really excited to try that, also wet painting acrylics to give a runny rust effect….

  • Philip Tomarchio

    Excellent tips for a new beginner such as myself. Thank you and keep them coming! Subscribed!
    Panzermeister sent me here!

  • J Griffiths

    Hi Dave,

    I've only just found your channel and am slowly working my way through your videos…

    With the chalk could you use a mortise and pestle to grind it into a much finer dust, also, may I ask, do you use a dry brush with the chalk/pigments and do you need to use something to keep it on after or just leave it…

    Many thanks for your time and help with these videos…

  • Rob Walker

    Hi Dave, great video, great techniques and what appeals to me is the cheap and chearful approach with a great end result. Just goes to prove you don't have to spend a shed load of money when you have things to hand, such as the mud effect. I find that with some shop bought items you get very little for your money. Although I have watched some of your videos before, a shout out to "panzermeister36" for adding the link to this video. Thumbs-up from me ??

  • Dušan Bača

    Hi Dave, I use for creating pigments out of soft pastels the fine mesh of a tea stainer.. with little pressure you get a very fine dust from the pastels almost as fine as the AK or MIG products.

  • Hanley Soloway

    Water from the tap? who do you think you are, the queen?

  • Nick Crook

    Great video.i'm just starting out and found these tips very useful.and great presentation with calm clear instructions.

  • Peter Willingham

    Great video, i had no problem with the audio, was clear as day to me. Have just got back into modelling after 50 years and your techniques are my go to vids, one question, what colours would you weather a dark yellow stug iv in, im really struggling with the weathering side of things. 
    Bit different nowadays compared to making Godzilla when i was 6.
    Keep up the great work. Thanks

  • GlennDawn Eldridge

    Just getting into the rc world, I'm definitely impressed with the ease of detail painting. Both you and Panzer have really been instrumental in my future build. Thanks for taking the time to show us Newbies a few tricks to the Hobby. Keep it up.

  • neilorourke71

    "Now don't be a sterotypical british gu-"
    "It's just the BEE'S KNEES"

  • André Dargains

    Nice tips though


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