Where Are the Women? With Jemima Kirke | Unlock Art | Tate


These monkeys are the Guerrilla Girls. Anonymous artists who work to expose sexual and racial discrimination in the art world. In 1985 they fly-posted Manhattan in protest at the lack of women in exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art. It featured 169 artists, less than 10 per cent of the exhibitors were women. It was a time when female artists were playing a central role in experimental art. Not that you would’ve known this walking into a mainstream gallery or museum. There have always been women who are artists, but it was men who wrote the history books and somehow they just forgot to mention them. During the Renaissance women were encouraged to paint as it was seen as desirable for women to be accomplished in the arts. In fact, by the 18th century women were allowed to paint all that they wanted just so long as they embodied feminine traits like beauty, grace and modesty and their paintings were beautiful, gracious and modest too. As one critic said ‘so long as a woman remains from unsexing herself, let her dabble in anything.’ But women had this burning desire to be taken seriously, which is ridiculous because everyone knows that women have weak hands so can’t paint or sculpt properly. The 17th century artist Judith Leyster worked at the same time as the Dutch master Frans Hals. Her works had a similar style, Leyster was well-respected during her lifetime but because she was a woman she disappeared into obscurity after her death and only re-emerged when it was discovered that seven of her paintings had been wrongly attributed to Frans Hals including this one, in the Louvre. Some female artists adopted male names, like Claude Cahun and Grace Hartigan, who signed her works ‘George.’ Some artists just used their initials. LK,
is Lee Krasner. Here she is labouring under the weight of constantly being referred to as Mrs Jackson Pollock. Some female artists chose to work as models to support their career and to learn from their male contemporaries. In order to find their own direction some
women artists worked with textiles and craft. Men had largely ignored these mediums because they considered them to be secondary to painting and sculpture. It gave women the freedom to experiment. For similar reasons they embraced new materials and new media like photography and video and became innovators in performance and installation. Yet they were still underrepresented. By 1970, tired of being patronised, ignored and disregarded some women decided to take on the establishment. In 1971 Margaret Harrison’s drawings became the first feminist art exhibition in London but the cops shut it down. Because of a drawing of Hugh Hefner dressed as a bunny girl with a bunny penis. I think he’s in here. I never really got to the bottom of it, but
it was thought of being too pornographic. Now, they didn’t mind the women in the sandwiches what they did mind was why I altered the male body. When the Gallery Director said well, what don’t you like about it? to this policeman he said well, it was the way she treated the men, we thought that was disgusting! In the US art historians Linda Nochlin and Ann Sutherland Harris staged a show called Women Artists: 1550 to 1950, which inspired revisionist debates about the history of art because this is a problem for art historians. Do they simply go back in time and just insert these female artists into the pages of art history? That seems to ignore the fact that these artists have been historically ignored. Do they write books just about women artists? But that only marginalises, pigeon-holes and isolates these artists from the movements, influences and errors that they have been a part of. This is still a hotly debated issue and has led to a radical re-thinking of the way the history of art is presented. By calling attention to identity, sexuality, politics and history women artists have dominated the debates surrounding art for the past four decades and pushed the boundaries of art to represent the complicated realities of today’s world in all its many forms.

46 comments

  • Ruth James

    Great video

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  • Fallingslowly21

    This is cool and all, but where are the artists who are women of color? 

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  • Rafael Centenera

    Zion! \(O) //

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  • Mother Grits

    saw this immediately after reading an article on wendy davis and all the sexist poo-slinging intended to undercut her campaign… it's 2014!  This was so nicely done, but frankly, I'm sad that it's still necessary to be having this conversation.  

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  • Anna Roberts

    More on this topic, please, Tate!

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  • Anna Van Lenten

    No Louise Bourgeois? 

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  • shutupemilykim

    I love this so much.

    Thank you.

    Reply
  • Samlhughes

    This doesn't seem like it's the biggest problem that anyone anywhere is facing. I'm sorry it's just you are fighting for women's artistic roles throughout history while there are still women who aren't allowed to drive, vote and live independently.

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  • glilbutt

    I love Jemima Kirke and the role she plays on the T.V. series "Girls". But what I love most is that she has taken part in a very real subject as women and art. I am working on a MFA and I can not agree more with this topic. As for the racists/trolls that have their comment below; we need to find a way to creatively paint them out of the picture and move on to a brighter future with women and the arts. 

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  • Curas1

    Oh thank you, I wondered what was screwing up modern art !
    Stop it

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  • SoloRio

    Interesting and enlightening. I always assumed that the vast majority of artists were women, now I know that most galleries instead feature men. Next time i visit a gallery I'll keep an eye out. Nice video, keep up the good work.

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  • TheObSeRvErTheObSeRv

    ART is what BOYS do. CRAFT is what GIRLS do……………………………………;-)

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  • Sandra Dee

    Great job on this vid. Thank you.

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  • grant kohler

    I just wanted to say I like this Unlock Art series.

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  • Marco Dominic Gonzales

    …:) I GUARANTEE the ideas for The Ark of the Covenant, Ancient Egyptian Art ETC…came from the mind of a woman to a man 🙂 <3…but men have gotten the credit…like Betsy Ross and the American flag…women's voices have been silenced for far too long…written out of history…UNTIL NOW… #UnLockArt   #EMERGE  

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  • Deborah Chiou

    Nails

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  • louise bordone

    I wonder if it is Natalie Dessay on 5:09??? Where I can find this video art piece with her participation?

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  • Rocío Santos

    just wish she is my art history teacher

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  • lido pimienta

    "where are the white women artists"
    there, I fixed it for ya!

    Reply
  • Darryl Rossignol

    Why is Facebook suggesting I check out this feminist propaganda garbage? Bad Facebook!

    Reply
  • Lisa Oude Elferink

    This video helped me soooo much making my very big assignment about women artists!! Thank you so much!

    Reply
  • Nikhita Prabhudesai

    Wow! Thanks so much, this is eye opening. I thought women never did paint considering there's no mention of them in history. I thought they were probably never allowed to.

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  • Zoe Alexis-Abrams

    who shot the photo at 3:01?

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  • Jina Lives

    wow… that woman's exhibition that got shut down because of the way she portrayed one man…. it's so ridiculous and just shows these double standards that have been happening for such a long time. Women get portrayed like that all of the time, they are always either oversexualized or told to be good and not sexual. A man gets portrayed in a sexual way ONCE and all hell breaks loose.

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  • SUN ZAHO

    NOW, let's do SOMETHING about it!!!!

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  • ziggy stardust

    Jemima Kirke is beautiful and maybe she is a good painter i don't know but she is a very mediocre actress and this voiceover sounds like Becky reading her paragraph out loud in 9th grade English.

    Reply
  • Crushi .Music, Art & Love.

    Thank you!

    Reply
  • Alex Hogan

    Does anyone know the name of the artist at 4:50???

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  • Andrew Mossberg

    well done. I enjoyed this and particularly enjoyed the inclusion of Margaret Harrison

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  • Kirsi-Marja Nummi

    All this is certainly true, but what is the case today? for example your coyntry?

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  • To Mega Therion

    no pussyfooting. 0.45.

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  • Lauren Shapiro

    Is there a list of the pieces shown right at the end – the one with Sarah Lucas in the mix?

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  • Peter Hackett

    The ratio of female to male in art history is a reflection of excellence not gender discrimination.

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  • BCC

    Jemima Kirke would've been an amazing Anastasia Steele

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  • Megan Solis

    Is there anyway to find out some of the artist's the video was showing? The performances in particular looked really interesting!

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  • Nubia Soltero

    woc?

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  • Skims24

    I can't believe I just came across this. this is incredible.

    Reply
  • Susan Leffingwell

    Great series of videos. Thank you

    Reply
  • Etherek

    i always respect wamen

    Reply
  • SketchBookShortFilms

    One of my classes last week spent the entire latter half of the session just talking about Lee Miller, and she really is a fascinating person. Apparently her son has been trying to get a script about her life greenlit for years and I really hope such a film is made one day.

    Reply
  • Greg Dahlen

    glad those strictures are breaking down cuz we get better art

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  • Michelle R. Acker

    keep the great videos coming! awesome

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  • Ana Luisa Johnson

    Right here.

    Reply
  • Ana Luisa Johnson

    I like Tina Modotti.

    Reply
  • Sanela Rezakhani

    At 2:05, does anyone know the name of the Book that is shown?

    Reply
  • Some Person

    Where did they go? Illustration (fantasy, sci fi, childrens books, book covers), Graphic Design, Art Conservation, Concept artists (movies, games, animation), Curators, Art Historians, Storyboarding, Caricature Artists, Comic books, Animation. etc. There are so many fields for artists and only a few are looked at.

    Reply

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